Pascal Saint-Amans and Achim Pross presented the work of the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Pillars 1 & 2.
On October 12, the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/Group of 20) published the latest version of its proposals for fundamental reform of the international tax system for business profit. A consultation period closed on December 14.
These proposed reforms are arguably much more significant than those emerging from the OECD/G20 BEPS project. The BEPS (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) project essentially aimed to reduce profit shifting opportunities. Pillars 1 and 2 go beyond that. Pillar 1 seeks a reallocation of taxing rights among countries; rights will be taken from some countries and allocated to market countries. Pillar 2 does seek to address remaining profit shifting opportunities, but it also seeks to ensure that multinationals pay a minimum level of tax. These proposals thus go significantly beyond BEPS because they seek to affect fundamental and structural change to the international tax system.
Whilst the published reports reflect considerable efforts on the part of the Inclusive Framework and the OECD secretariat, many questions remain. What aspects of the proposals are generally agreed both from a technical and a political perspective? Where is more work required? Will there ever be a consensus in favour of either, or both, pillars? What is likely to happen if no consensus is reached?
The Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation convened an online conference on November 23. Pascal Saint-Amans and Achim Pross from the OECD set out the current state of play and the challenges still to be faced. They were followed by four members of the Inclusive Framework, who reflected some of the differing views around the table. There was then commentary and discussion from business and academia. This conference aimed at shedding light on where we are and where we are likely to go, at what is clearly one of the critical junctures in the history of the international tax system.
Watch the recordings
Description: Welcome by Michael Devereux, Director, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
Followed by an introduction to the current state of the proposals for Pillars 1 and 2, by Pascal Saint-Amans, Director Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD, and Achim Pross, Head of the International Co-operation and Tax Administration Division Centre for Tax Policy and Administration.
Description: Session 1, chaired by Richard Collier, Associate Fellow, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation, in discussion with members of the Inclusive Framework Steering Group:
- Gaël Perraud, Deputy Director, International Taxation and European Affairs,
- Ministry of Economy and Finance, France
- Rasmi Ranjan Das, IRS, Joint Secretary (FT&TR-I), Ministry of Finance, India
- Marlene Parker, Chief Tax Counsel, Tax Administration, Jamaica
- Mike Williams, Director Business and International Tax, HM Treasury UK
Description: Session 2, chaired by John Vella, Assistant Director, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation, in discussion with members of the business community:
- Amy Roberti, Head of US Federal Government Relations, Proctor and Gamble
- Barbara Angus, Global Tax Policy Leader, EY
- Glenn Price, Deputy Group Tax Director, Vodafone
- Michael Devereux, Director, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation
Description: Michael Devereux, Director, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation, and Pascal Saint-Amans, Director Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD , discuss ‘Where next: what are the challenges before agreement can be reached?’