Faculty & Research
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Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship

Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship

Reports & articles

Water, Technology & Behaviour
Timely and reliable payments for urban water services are essential to overcoming financial constraints preventing the sustainable provision of water services in sub-Saharan Africa. This report looks at the data collected in 2011 from over 500,000 customers in Tanzania to determine the socioeconomic behaviours in water utility payments.
What does it mean?
Social entrepreneurship refers to the practice of combining innovation, resourcefulness and opportunity to address critical social and environmental challenges.

Social innovation: what it is, why it matters & how it can be accelerated

Geoff Mulgan with Simon Tucker, Rushanara Ali & Ben Sanders
'New ideas that work'
This report is about how we can improve societies’ capacities to solve their problems. It is about old and new methods for mobilising the ubiquitous intelligence that exists within any society.
Sanitary care & girls' education
Linda Scott and team have been investigating the effects that inadequate sanitary care provisions have on girls’ educational achievements in the developing world. The study was conducted over a five month period in a large secondary school and two primary schools, all in a mountainous rural area. Full reports and cheat sheet available to download.

Social justice & social entrepreneurship

Mari Marcel Thekaekara & Stan Thekaekara
The origins of social justice
Almost unbelievably, the term “social justice” was coined as far back in history as the 1840’s by Sicilian Jesuit Luigi Taparelli d’Azeglio, based on the teachings of Thomas Aquinas and has always remained a prominent part of Catholic teaching.

The landscape of social investment

Alex Nicholls with Cathy Pharoah
Flow of social investment resources
This report provides a holistic account of the state of play in the emerging field of social investment, defined as the flow of resources – either market or non-market generated – that fulfils the funding needs of organisations that primarily create social or environmental value.
An academic study of social investment
Across the world, a new landscape of social investment has been developing rapidly over the last 10-15 years, yet there has not been an academic study of the phenomenon to date. This paper aims to address this important gap in social entrepreneurship research with new empirical and theoretical work.
High engagement philanthropy in Europe
Venture philanthropy may contribute to a more responsive and diverse capital market for the social sector.

Social capital markets

Jed Emerson & Joshua Spitzer
Fragmentation to function
‘Social capital markets’ has become a popular phrase over recent years (Hartigan, 2006). While this paper will not definitively document the increase in its use, a simple web search of the phrase shows many and diverse discussions, initiatives, and writings addressing the topic.
Need for a genuinely ethical exchange
An ethical exchange could be as supportive of an enterprises’ profitability as it is of its social value.

Blended value investing

Joshua Spitzer, Jed Emerson & Jacob Harold
Financial returns & social value
Between financial investments and philanthropy lie opportunities that create both financial returns and environmental and social value.

Securities valuation

Jacob Harold, Joshua Spitzer & Jed Emerson
Environmental risks & opportunities
This paper offers an overview of how environmental factors might be integrated into companies’ financial valuation. More speculatively, it suggests ways in which a blended value investor could potentially attain equal or better financial returns than traditional investors agnostic to the environmental implications of their investments.
The venture philanthropy model
The first working paper in this series explored the origins of venture philanthropy and its development and expansion in Europe.
Entrepreneurship theory & practice
This article conceptualizes social entrepreneurship as a field of action in a pre-paradigmatic state that currently lacks an established epistemology.
Blended value accounting
This paper presents an exploratory analysis of the emergent reporting practices used by social entrepreneurs in terms of their institutional settings and strategic objectives.
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Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship
+44 (0)1865 288838
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